Setup R environment on Ubuntu 16.04 (R-Base and RStudio)

This post provides instructions for installing R-Base and RStudio on Ubuntu 16.04.

  • Install R-Base

You can find R-Base in the Software Center; this would be the easy way to do it. However, the Software Center versions are often out of date, which can be a pain moving foward when your packages are based on the most current version of R Base. The easy fix is to download and install R Base directly from the Cran servers.

1. Add R repository

First, we’ve got to add a line to our /etc/apt/sources.list file. This can be accomplished with the following. Note the “xenial” in the line, indicating Ubuntu 16.04. If you have a different version, just change that.

sudo echo "deb xenial/" | sudo tee -a /etc/apt/sources.list

2. Add R to Ubuntu Keyring


 gpg --keyserver --recv-key E084DAB9


 gpg -a --export E084DAB9 | sudo apt-key add -

3. Install R-Base

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install r-base r-base-dev


If you would like to use R in IDE like RStudio, See below for the instructions.

  • Installing RStudio

Use CTRL + ALT + T to open your terminal, then use the commands below. If you would like to install the latest version, just change the link info after the wget command. (Note that you can get latest RStudio download link at here. See the picture below the install commands to see how to get the latest version of RStudio for you. Be sure to revise the command part associated with the version you would like to install accordingly, which I highlight in red and italic below.)

# Download and Install RStudio
sudo apt-get install gdebi-core
sudo gdebi rstudio-1.0.136-amd64.deb
rm rstudio-1.0.136-amd64.deb


How to Install R on Linux Ubuntu 16.04 Xenial Xerus (April 26, 2016 By Kris Eberwein)

Install R and RStudio on Ubuntu 12.04/14.04/16.04 (Michael Galarnyk on Dec 17, 2016 )


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